Posts Tagged ‘Nigeria’


Research Ethics Committees in Nigeria: A Survey of Operations, Functions, and Needs

Thursday, August 31st, 2017

Abstract: Heightened global commitment to research on diseases such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria has led to increased research over the past decade in many African countries, including Nigeria. This increase in research has led to debates about the ethics of health research in resource-poor or developing countries and has drawn further attention to existing ethical review processes. This study was undertaken to describe and benchmark the operational and organizational structures as well as functions of research ethics committees (RECs) in Nigeria. The article explores the factors that contribute to REC conformity with the Nigerian National Ethics Code and World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for RECs. Data were collected using a self-administered, semistructured questionnaire. A descriptive analysis was conducted, and Fisher’s exact tests performed to assess associations between selected REC characteristics and the degree of conformity to applicable national and international requirements. Eighty percent of RECs (20 out of 25) had standard operating procedures, while 68% (17 out of 25) met at least quarterly and provided final review determinations within three months. RECs with committee chairs who had prior bioethics training were more likely to have operations conforming to the WHO and the Nigerian ethics guidelines. Overall, this study suggests that there is variability in the degree to which operations and functions of RECs in Nigeria conform to the Nigerian National Code and WHO guidelines.

 

Research Ethics Committees in Nigeria: A Survey of Operations, Functions, and Needs,. Aminu A. Yakubu, Adnan A. Hyder, Joseph Ali, and Nancy Kass. IRB: Ethics & Human Research. 2017. May-June 2017 Volume: 39, Issue: 3

The Ebola outbreak in Western Africa: Ethical obligations for care

Tuesday, September 16th, 2014

The recent wave of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in Western Africa and efforts to control the disease where the health system requires strengthening raises a number of ethical challenges for healthcare workers practicing in these countries. We discuss the implications of weak health systems for controlling EVD and limitations of the ethical obligation to provide care for patients with EVD using Nigeria as a case study. We highlight the right of healthcare workers to protection that should be obligatorily provided by the government. Where the national government cannot meet this obligation, healthcare workers only have a moral and not a professional obligation to provide care to patients with EVD. The national government also has an obligation to adequately compensate healthcare workers that become infected in the course of duty. Institutionalisation of policies that protect healthcare workers are required for effective control of the spread of highly contagious diseases like EVD in a timely manner.

Views of dental professionals and dental patients in Jos, Nigeria concerning the need for informed consent prior participation in dental clinical research

Monday, February 24th, 2014

Implementing National System of Health Research Ethics Regulations: The Nigerian Experience

Wednesday, December 11th, 2013

Impact of Three Years Training on Operations Capacities of Research Ethics Committees in Nigeria

Monday, October 14th, 2013

An appraisal of the process of protocol review by an ethics review conmmittee in a tertiary institution in Ibadan

Friday, October 11th, 2013

Knowledge and use of HIV counseling and testing services among young persons in Ibadan, Nigeria

Friday, October 11th, 2013

Decision-Making and Motivation to Participate in Biomedical Research in Southwest Nigeria

Tuesday, July 17th, 2012

Emergency Contraceptive Pill Knowledge, attitude and dispensing practice of pharmacists in Ibadan and Lagos Metropolis, Nigeria.

Friday, July 8th, 2011