Posts Tagged ‘Freddy Kitutu’

Ethical challenges in designing and conducting medicine quality surveys

Wednesday, April 27th, 2016



To identify and discuss the main ethical challenges related to the conduct of surveys and make suggestions on how to address them.



Most evidence-based information regarding medicine quality derives from surveys. However, existing research ethical guidelines do not provide specific guidance for medicine quality surveys. Hence, those conducting surveys are often left wondering how to judge what counts as best practice. A list of the main ethical challenges in the design and conduct of surveys is presented.

Results and conclusions


It is vital that the design and conduct of medicine quality surveys uphold moral and ethical obligations and analyse the ethical implications and consequences of such work. These are: impact on the local availability of and access to medicines; the confidentiality and privacy of the surveyors and the surveyed; questions as to whether outlet staff personnel should be told they are part of a survey; the need of ethical and regulatory approvals; and how the findings should be disseminated. Medicine quality surveys should ideally be conducted in partnership with the relevant national Medicine Regulatory Authorities. An international, but contextually sensitive, model of good ethical practice for such surveys is needed.

Mr. Freddy Eric Kitutu

Monday, April 25th, 2011

Mr. Kitutu is a pharmacist and assistant lecturer in the Department of Pharmacy, at Makerere University College of Health Sciences. He completed a Master of Science in Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics at Makerere University. He participates in didactic and experiential courses of undergraduate students in the College of Health Sciences and also supervises several undergraduate students in their final year research projects.

Freddy hopes to improve his knowledge and skills of ethical review processes and research methods to contribute to a growing body of work in empirical research ethics and bioethics. He will pay keen interest to operations of institutional research boards, federal requirements for human research participant protection, and public health ethics. He believes the Fogarty African Bioethics Training Program will provide an opportunity to identify and network with researchers interested in cutting edge issues in research ethics and bioethics. Such networks will facilitate his continued inquiry into and development in research ethics and bioethics after the fellowship.

The knowledge and skills acquired through the Fellowship will ensure that he has the ability to play an active role in ethical review processes at the College of Health Sciences. In addition, these competencies will enable him to contribute constructively and significantly to the long term goal of Makerere University College of Health Sciences to establish a regional centre of bioethics. His research interests include indicators of and strategies to improve quality of the ethical review process in emerging economies, particularly issues concerning group dynamics and community representation in ethical review boards and mechanisms to identify and solve emerging research ethics challenges in resource limited settings.