Posts Tagged ‘2011 Former Trainees’

Ethical challenges in designing and conducting medicine quality surveys

Wednesday, April 27th, 2016



To identify and discuss the main ethical challenges related to the conduct of surveys and make suggestions on how to address them.



Most evidence-based information regarding medicine quality derives from surveys. However, existing research ethical guidelines do not provide specific guidance for medicine quality surveys. Hence, those conducting surveys are often left wondering how to judge what counts as best practice. A list of the main ethical challenges in the design and conduct of surveys is presented.

Results and conclusions


It is vital that the design and conduct of medicine quality surveys uphold moral and ethical obligations and analyse the ethical implications and consequences of such work. These are: impact on the local availability of and access to medicines; the confidentiality and privacy of the surveyors and the surveyed; questions as to whether outlet staff personnel should be told they are part of a survey; the need of ethical and regulatory approvals; and how the findings should be disseminated. Medicine quality surveys should ideally be conducted in partnership with the relevant national Medicine Regulatory Authorities. An international, but contextually sensitive, model of good ethical practice for such surveys is needed.

Research site monitoring for compliance with ethics regulatory standards: review of experience from Uganda

Thursday, November 14th, 2013

An assessment of Makerere University College of Health Sciences: optimizing health research capacity to meet Uganda’s priorities

Friday, October 11th, 2013

Assessing the quality of informed consent in a resource-limited setting: A cross-sectional study

Monday, August 27th, 2012

Mr. Paul Kutyabami

Monday, July 25th, 2011

Mr. Kutyabami is a lecturer at the Department of Pharmacy at Makerere University College of Health Sciences. He has been a member of the Faculty of Medicine Research and Ethics Committee at the College for four years and is Managing Director of Medline Pharmaceuticals Ltd. He received a BPharm degree from Makerere University and an MA in Bioethics from Case Western Reserve University in the USA. He is currently involved in conducting research and supervising students in research. His other duties include lecturing postgraduate students in research ethics and undergraduate students in professional ethics. His own research focuses on access to medicines and ethics.

He has facilitated sessions at several research ethics and Good Clinical Practice workshops for investigators and Research and Ethics Committee members. He collaborated with other Ugandan Fogarty bioethics fellows to form the Bioethics working group under the Uganda Society for Health Scientists. The Bioethics working group signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Uganda National Council for Science and Technology (UNCST) through which it has developed a training curriculum for Research Ethics that is being offered by the UNCST to investigators and Research and Ethics Committee members.

Paul Kutyabami recognizes that the increased volume of research activities at the College of Health Sciences puts a strain on existing resources for training in research ethics and reviewing, regulating and monitoring research processes. Through participation in the Johns Hopkins Fogarty African Bioethics Training Program he hopes to gain knowledge and skills to be able to contribute to the establishment of a unit of Bioethics at the College of Health Sciences which will house a research ethics training program.

Mr. Freddy Eric Kitutu

Monday, April 25th, 2011

Mr. Kitutu is a pharmacist and assistant lecturer in the Department of Pharmacy, at Makerere University College of Health Sciences. He completed a Master of Science in Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics at Makerere University. He participates in didactic and experiential courses of undergraduate students in the College of Health Sciences and also supervises several undergraduate students in their final year research projects.

Freddy hopes to improve his knowledge and skills of ethical review processes and research methods to contribute to a growing body of work in empirical research ethics and bioethics. He will pay keen interest to operations of institutional research boards, federal requirements for human research participant protection, and public health ethics. He believes the Fogarty African Bioethics Training Program will provide an opportunity to identify and network with researchers interested in cutting edge issues in research ethics and bioethics. Such networks will facilitate his continued inquiry into and development in research ethics and bioethics after the fellowship.

The knowledge and skills acquired through the Fellowship will ensure that he has the ability to play an active role in ethical review processes at the College of Health Sciences. In addition, these competencies will enable him to contribute constructively and significantly to the long term goal of Makerere University College of Health Sciences to establish a regional centre of bioethics. His research interests include indicators of and strategies to improve quality of the ethical review process in emerging economies, particularly issues concerning group dynamics and community representation in ethical review boards and mechanisms to identify and solve emerging research ethics challenges in resource limited settings.

Ms. Aida Nakawunde

Monday, April 25th, 2011

Ms. Nakawunde serves as the Assistant Research Coordinator at Makerere University College of Health Sciences. She received her Bachelor of Arts in Social Sciences from the Makerere University Kampala. In her current position she manages the administrative work of the School of Medicine IRB. Her responsibilities include receiving and recording submitted protocols that are pending IRB review and approval, reviewing student and project protocols before forwarding them to the Coordinator, preparing minutes and official documents of the IRB and other research –related meetings, and assisting the research coordinator in preparation and coordination of logistical issues at the research office.

Aida hopes to supplement her experience working with the operations and management of IRBs and research ethics with further training in the field of research ethics. The additional skills gained through participating in the Johns Hopkins Fogarty African Bioethics Training Program will help her gain more insight into research ethics and allow her to take a bigger role in ethics review at the College of Health Sciences. She hopes to use the knowledge and skills gained to improve the quality of ethical review processes of IRBs at the College (i.e. School of Medicine IRB, School of Health Sciences IRB, School of Public Health IRB and School of Biomedical Sciences IRB) and Uganda at large and to serve effectively on institutional review boards. She hopes to assist with the establishment of an e-IRB system and a Centre for Bioethics within the College of Health Sciences. She looks forward to mentoring and collaboration opportunities with experts at Johns Hopkins and the Berman Institute of Bioethics.