Posts Tagged ‘2009 Former Trainees’

Research priorities during infectious disease emergencies in West Africa

Tuesday, March 13th, 2018



This paper presents the results of the consultations conducted with various stakeholders in Africa and other experts to document community perspectives on the types of research to be prioritised in outbreak conditions. The Delphi method was used to distill consensus.


Our consultations highlighted as key, the notion that in an infectious disease outbreak situation, the need to establish an evidence base on how to reduce morbidity and mortality in real time takes precedence over the production of generalizable knowledge. Research studies that foster understanding of how disease transmission could be prevented in the future remain important, implementation research that explores how to mitigate the impact of outbreaks in the present should be prioritized. Clinical trials aiming to establish the safety profile of therapeutic interventions should be limited during the acute phase of an epidemic with high fatality-and should preferably use adaptive designs. We concluded that community members have valuable perspectives to share about research priorities during infectious disease emergencies. Well designed consultative processes could help identify these opinions.


Consultation; Epidemic; Infectious disease; Research design; Research priorities; West Africa

Research Ethics Committees in Nigeria: A Survey of Operations, Functions, and Needs

Thursday, August 31st, 2017

Abstract: Heightened global commitment to research on diseases such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria has led to increased research over the past decade in many African countries, including Nigeria. This increase in research has led to debates about the ethics of health research in resource-poor or developing countries and has drawn further attention to existing ethical review processes. This study was undertaken to describe and benchmark the operational and organizational structures as well as functions of research ethics committees (RECs) in Nigeria. The article explores the factors that contribute to REC conformity with the Nigerian National Ethics Code and World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for RECs. Data were collected using a self-administered, semistructured questionnaire. A descriptive analysis was conducted, and Fisher’s exact tests performed to assess associations between selected REC characteristics and the degree of conformity to applicable national and international requirements. Eighty percent of RECs (20 out of 25) had standard operating procedures, while 68% (17 out of 25) met at least quarterly and provided final review determinations within three months. RECs with committee chairs who had prior bioethics training were more likely to have operations conforming to the WHO and the Nigerian ethics guidelines. Overall, this study suggests that there is variability in the degree to which operations and functions of RECs in Nigeria conform to the Nigerian National Code and WHO guidelines.


Research Ethics Committees in Nigeria: A Survey of Operations, Functions, and Needs,. Aminu A. Yakubu, Adnan A. Hyder, Joseph Ali, and Nancy Kass. IRB: Ethics & Human Research. 2017. May-June 2017 Volume: 39, Issue: 3

FABTP alumni reunite at 2016 World Congress of Bioethics

Thursday, November 3rd, 2016

The International Association of Bioethics (IAB) hosted the 13th World Congress of Bioethics in Edinburgh, Scotland in June 2016. The 2016 theme was: Individuals, Public Interests and Public Goods: What is the Contribution of Bioethics? Nine Fogarty alumni and affiliates attended the biennial conference and a number of them presented their research during the three-day event. The Fogarty alumni and coordinators who attended include: Joe Ali, Nicola Barsdorf, Mary Kasule, Paulina Tindana, Chris Mweemba, Dimpho Ralefala, Aminu Yakubu, Godfrey Tangwa, and Francis Masiye. The 2016 themes for the IAB’s World Congress were: Art and Ethics; Individuals, Public Interests and Public Goods; Public Health, Ethics and Law; and, of particular interest to Fogarty alumni, Global Bioethics. The next meeting of the IAB World Congress will be in 2018 in New Delhi, India.


The Ebola outbreak in Western Africa: Ethical obligations for care

Tuesday, September 16th, 2014

The recent wave of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in Western Africa and efforts to control the disease where the health system requires strengthening raises a number of ethical challenges for healthcare workers practicing in these countries. We discuss the implications of weak health systems for controlling EVD and limitations of the ethical obligation to provide care for patients with EVD using Nigeria as a case study. We highlight the right of healthcare workers to protection that should be obligatorily provided by the government. Where the national government cannot meet this obligation, healthcare workers only have a moral and not a professional obligation to provide care to patients with EVD. The national government also has an obligation to adequately compensate healthcare workers that become infected in the course of duty. Institutionalisation of policies that protect healthcare workers are required for effective control of the spread of highly contagious diseases like EVD in a timely manner.

Implementing National System of Health Research Ethics Regulations: The Nigerian Experience

Wednesday, December 11th, 2013

Developing Ethical Oversight of Research In Developing Countries: Case Study of Nigeria

Wednesday, September 8th, 2010

Mr. Derrick Elemu

Wednesday, July 1st, 2009

Mr. Derrick Elemu joins the Johns Hopkins-Fogarty African Bioethics Training Program from Lusaka, Zambia, where he is a lecturer on research methods in social sciences at the University of Zambia. Mr. Elemu received a Bachelor’s degree in Developmental Studies and Economics from the University of Zambia, and obtained a Master’s degree in Developmental Studies, with specialization in Politics of Alternative Development Strategies, Alternative Research Methods and Gender from the Institute of Social Studies in the Netherlands.

Mr. Elemu is interested in strengthening the application of ethics in both social science and biomedical research practice in Zambia. He hopes that his training at Johns Hopkins will provide him with the knowledge and understanding necessary to develop a research ethics course at the University of Zambia. Mr. Elemu brings to the program a strong background in social science research, and has participated in a number of research studies, particularly those relating to HIV/AIDS, that have had major implications for ethics and the protection of human subjects.

Mr. Aminu Yakubu

Wednesday, July 1st, 2009

Mr. Aminu Yakubu joins the John Hopkins-Fogarty African Bioethics Training Program from the Federal Ministry of Health, Abuja, Nigeria, where he works as the administrative officer to the National Health Research Ethics Committee (NHREC). Mr. Yakubu has a Bachelor’s degree in Biochemistry from Bayero University Kano, Nigeria and a Master of Public Health degree from the University of Birmingham, UK.

In his role as the administrative officer to the NHREC, Mr. Yakubu is responsible for registration of health research ethics committees (HRECs), reviewing protocols for nationally-representative studies, and providing guidance to researchers on the application of the National Code for Health Research Ethics, among a number of other major responsibilities. Mr. Yakubu hopes that by undergoing a formal bioethics training program, he will add both value and quality to his work for Nigeria’s apex body for human research participant protection – NHREC.