Archive for the ‘2007 Former Trainees’ Category

Dr. Olaniyi Taiwo

Sunday, July 8th, 2007

Dr. Olaniyi Taiwo graduated with a Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) from the University of Ibadan, Nigeria in 1999. As a Research Fellow and HIV/AIDS Program Officer with the Regional Centre for Oral Health Research and Training in Jos Plateau State, Nigeria, Dr. Taiwo has been working on the oral manifestations of HIV/AIDS for about nine years now.

Through his research work, Dr. Taiwo has worked extensively with human subjects, many of them HIV sero-positive patients. His experience with clinical trials has led him to believe that patients in his community are often vulnerable to any action taken by researchers because of the communication gap that exists between the researcher(s) and the patient.

From the expertise he gained from the Johns Hopkins-Fogarty African Bioethics Training Program in 2007, he conducted a study on the post–consent understanding of research subjects in three dental research studies. He was able to demonstrate a poor level of understanding of the consent process by the research participants.  His participation in the training had motivated him to advocate for the establishment of an ethical review committee in his office where he had been nominated as the chair. By virtue of the knowledge he gained from the training, he had been able to organize in house bioethics seminars for his colleagues and hopes to organize seminars and bioethics workshops for fellow dental practitioners /researchers working with human subjects.

Mr. Musonda Simwinga

Sunday, July 8th, 2007

Mr. Musonda Simwinga graduated from the University of Zambia with a Bachelor degree in Public Administration and Development Studies. He then went on to complete a Masters in Policy Studies through the Southern African Regional Institute for Policy Studies in Zimbabwe.

As the Study Manager for the Zambia and South Africa TB and AIDS Reduction (ZAMSTAR) Study, Mr. Simwinga manages a large team of intervention field worker s and is in charge of the day to day running and logistics of the study. He has been instrumental in the research ethics training of study staff members and has also worked to establish Community Advisory Boards (CABs) in all the study sites.

Mr. Simwinga looks forward to the Program, which he believes will greatly help him in designing appropriate training and capacity building activities for the Community Advisory Boards (CABs) he has helped establish in Zambia. Mr. Simwinga also intends to apply for a PhD with the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) to examine the question of when and how CABs can become true representatives of the communities they serve. Thus, Mr. Simwinga also hopes the Training Program will provide him with a good opportunity to further develop his research question.

Dr. Pauline Osamor

Sunday, July 8th, 2007

Dr. Pauline Osamor is currently a Research Fellow at the Institute of Child Health in the College of Medicine at the University of Ibadan (CMUI) in Nigeria. She holds a Bachelor’s degree in Sociology, a Master of Public Health degree, and recently completed her Doctoral degree (2010) in Medical Sociology from universities in Nigeria. Her interest in bioethics developed as a consequence of her previous training in Sociology and Health Education as well as her work experience in biomedical research. Her research project on Mother’s Education and Infant Mortality was her first formal introduction to some of the issues that lie at the core of research ethics, including the difficulty of assuring participants of the study confidentiality.

For close to eight years, Dr. Osamor held the role of Project coordinator and later Project Manager for Chronic Disease Research at the Institute of Child Health, University of Ibadan. This experience has given her the opportunity to work in human research that has involved various categories of participants in both a clinical and community setting. Her research work has instilled an appreciation for the importance of conducting biomedical research within a framework of good ethics.

Dr. Osamor also worked as a Programme Administrator at the center for bioethics, where she was the programme officer in charge of Framework Program in Global Health.  She also co-lectured qualitative research methods at the West African Bioethics Centre, where graduate level students pursue a Masters course in Bioethics.  Dr. Osamor also lectured at Bowen University, Iwo, where she taught undergraduate Sociology courses (including Social Research Methods) and supervised undergraduate research projects.

Her current career goal is to be an established medical sociologist, specializing in sociological aspects of mother and child health in Nigeria, bioethics in health research in developing countries and the sociology of emerging health issues.

Participation in the FABTP has helped her to focus her research on the cultural context of participation in research, issues of consent in research involving children, and perceptions of bioethics in clinical care and research among non-physician health professionals (e.g. nurses, primary care workers). Also, through the execution of her practicum project she gained a better understanding of issues in informed consent and autonomy in decision making in a setting where men are the decision makers. At present her practicum manuscript has been accepted for publication and is awaiting final decision.

Dr. Julius Nwobegahay

Sunday, July 8th, 2007

Dr. Nwobegahay obtained a Bsc (Hons) Microbiology degree (Upper second class), from the University of Calabar, and continued his studies at the University of Ibadan in Nigeria where he received a Masters in Medical Virology.  He then studied at the University of Venda, South Africa where he obtained a PhD in Microbiology (focusing on molecular virology). His thesis was titled, “Human Immunodeficiency Virus Genetic Drug Resistance and Subtype Distribution in Northern South Africa.” He examined the problem of drug resistance in two communities in Northern South Africa where HIV prevalence is high, access to antiretroviral therapy is expanding, drug resistance data are limited and patients are not routinely tested for resistance before treatment. He hopes that the findings of his research will generate data and inform policy on the treatment program in South Africa, as well as resistance monitoring – a critical component of disease management.

Dr. Nwobegahay has attended several research training programs, including training in Human Subject Research Ethics at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (Baltimore, USA); Good Laboratory Practices and Quality Control (Nairobi, Kenya); and HIV Sequence Analysis and Drug Resistance Testing (Cape Town, South Africa).

Julius has authored and co-authored several scientific publications in peer reviewed accredited journals.

Ms. Kagemlo Kiro

Sunday, July 8th, 2007

Kagemlo Kiro received a Bachelor of Sociology from the University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania. Her undergraduate studies involved social science research methodology and fieldwork at the Kuleana Center for Children’s Rights in Mwanza. Upon graduating, Mrs. Kiro worked as a Research Assistant with several organizations including the University of Dar es Salaam, Care International, and World Ahead.

In April of 2005, Mrs. Kiro began work as a Research Assistant with the Microbicides Development Programme (MDP), where she is currently working on a clinical trial to determine the efficacy and safety of vaginal microbicide gel in preventing vaginally acquired HIV. Through this research experience, Mrs. Kiro has developed a keen interest in the ethical issues surrounding this trial. She is often in direct contact with study participants because her role includes collecting informed consent, conducting in-depth interviews, and collecting the sexual behaviors of participants through coital diaries. Mrs. Kiro is aware of the sensitivity of information participants must disclose in relation to their exposure to HIV and the stigma and rumors surrounding the MDP trial. She believes there is further work to be done to understand what ethics means to the participants and community as a whole.

Mrs. Kiro intends to come away from the Program with the tools and knowledge necessary to conduct a study exploring Tanzanian women’s understanding of ethics and barriers to adherence, particularly in the context of medical research.